If a breach of contract occurs or is alleged, one or both parties may wish the contract to be applied to its terms, or they may attempt to assert financial harm caused by the alleged breach. Suppose R. Runner contracts with Acme Anvils for the purchase of some of its products, for delivery until the following Monday evening. If Acme delivers the anvil to Runner the following Tuesday morning, his breach of contract would likely be considered negligible and R. Runner would probably not be entitled to a refund of damages (unless he could prove that he was damaged in some way by the late delivery). But let us now assume that the treaty has made it clear that „time is of the essence“ and that the anvil must be delivered on Monday. If Acme delivers after Monday, its breach would likely be considered „essential,“ and R. Runner`s damages would be presumed, making Acmes`s liability heavier for the offence and likely depriving Runner of the obligation to pay for the anvil under the contract. If a party did not assume its contractual responsibility without a good legal excuse, it would have „violated“ the contract. An offence is defined as the non-performance of a commitment that is part of a contract. The commitment can be either explicit, i.e.
the terms appear in the written contract, or implicitly. Courts and formal offences are not the only options for individuals and companies involved in contractual disputes. The parties may agree that a mediator should review a contractual dispute or accept a binding arbitration procedure for a contractual dispute. These out-of-court options are two methods of „out-of-court dispute resolution“ that can be seen as an alternative to commercial procedures. In case of infringement, the innocent party can: A fundamental violation is generally read as a reference to a violation of refusal.  Fortunately, contracts are legally binding agreements, so that if a party does not meet its contractual obligations, this situation can be remedied. Such cases are classified as an infringement and the first important step in asserting your contractual rights is the ability to recognize that a violation has occurred. In addition, a breach of contract generally falls into one of two categories: a „real violation“ – if a party refuses to fully comply with the terms of the contract – or an „anticipated breach“ when a party declares in advance that it will not comply with the terms of the contract.